The hottest smart grid may trigger the third indus

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Smart electricity may trigger the third industrial revolution

40 years later, share green energy like the above? American economist Jeremy Rifkin's new book the third industrial revolution predicts the future society

future world. In the morning, a person left his residence, took the elevator to a certain floor of the same building, found his own bike, and walked frantically until the evening. He is not exercising, but working. Everyone gets paid like him. The kinetic energy generated by thousands of people riding bicycles is converted into electric energy to maintain the operation of society

the above is a scene in Episode 2 of the mini series "black mirror" produced by British television. Ridiculous? Maybe not. It is the concept of smart electricity proposed by Jeremy Rifkin, President of the economic trends foundation in Washington, D.C., in his recently published third industrial revolution. In the coming decades, everyone will become a producer of new energy through the combination of information technology and energy system. Rifkin named this process the third industrial revolution and predicted that it would reach its peak in 2050. This change will not only profoundly change the world economic model, but also fundamentally reshape interpersonal relationships and social patterns. After its publication in the United States last September, the book quickly climbed to the best seller list. The Chinese version was seized by CITIC press and will be officially launched on June 8

interconnected new energy controls the future

different from the black prediction in black mirror, Rifkin's prediction is golden. He predicted such a situation: hundreds of millions of people produce their own green energy at home, offices and factories, and share their remaining energy with everyone on smart electricity (he set it as an intelligent distributed power system in an external format), just as we publish and share news on

Rifkin said that just as Internet has created hundreds of business opportunities and millions of environmental protection jobs, smart electricity will also bring the same brilliance. Millions of buildings collect renewable energy in real time, store surplus energy in the form of hydrogen, and share power with millions of other people through intelligent interconnected power. The resulting power dwarfs centralized nuclear power and thermal power stations

the brush used to draw this blueprint is Internet technology. Rifkin believes that it is the combination of Internet information technology and renewable energy technology that makes the world about to usher in the third industrial revolution

several major economic revolutions in history occurred at the time of the combination of new communication technologies and new energy systems. For example, the introduction of steam power technology in the printing industry made the media a major information dissemination tool in the first industrial revolution, and promoted the emergence of the first public culture popularization movement in history. For another example, in the first decade of the 20th century, the combination of telecommunication technology and fuel internal combustion engine triggered the second industrial revolution, which made people step into the era of oil economy and automobile. Recently, the U.S. government allocated funds to develop smart electricity nationwide. In this new book published in the United States in September 2011, he wrote: these funds will be used to install digital meters, high-voltage transmission sensors, and develop energy storage technologies to achieve high-tech power distribution. This will transform existing electricity into interconnected electricity. Texas, Colorado and California will set up some smart electricity in the next few years

Rifkin believes optimistically that the innate consciousness of the new generation of human beings growing up under the Internet culture is to ensure universal access and ensure that everyone on earth is not excluded from the life of the global community. They will be committed to sharing renewable energy for all mankind like the air we breathe, There will no longer be self-healing materials that can be used in mobile phones and batteries. Now, in the first and second industrial revolutions in the middle of this century, very few giant companies and governments compete for and control the ownership of fossil energy

the traditional industrial labor force will disappear

the coming years will also bring changes in the social division of labor. The third industrial revolution may be the last time that traditional large-scale wage labor existed in history

in the historical process of the next 40 years, change the global energy system and use renewable energy for power generation; Transform hundreds of millions of houses into small power plants; Application of hydrogen and other storage technologies in global infrastructure; Digital technology and intelligent network are used in global electricity and wires; Change the mode of transportation and vigorously develop electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. To achieve the above goals, we need a group of excellent high-tech planning teams and a large number of senior technicians to work together, which will create tens of thousands of emerging industries and hundreds of millions of employment opportunities. According to current projections, by 2040 or 2050, the infrastructure of the third industrial revolution will be basically completed in most parts of the world. However, it is ironic that those traditional industrial workers who devoted themselves to the intelligent construction of the new economic system in the first half of the 21st century will lose their jobs in the second half, because the total mass of the 4.3.1 headform of the new economy should be 10 ± 0.2kg, which has achieved intellectualization. Rifkin believes that the surplus labor force will be re employed in non-governmental organizations that become the leading economic force in the future

at the same time, economic consumption patterns have changed. Rifkin believes that because the concept of sustainability is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, the right to use will be greater than the ownership. Property is still in the hands of suppliers, and consumers buy services such as leasing and time-sharing

he cited several ready-made examples to prove this trend. One is that the music service company allows subscribers whose services measure the displacement (i.e. the relative displacement of the upper and lower collets) through digital circuits to enter the company's music library and download their favorite songs within a certain time limit; One is the popularity of timeshare business model in recent years. Millions of tourists only have the right to use the real estate of the resort for a specific period of time every year, and can exchange the right to use different real estate around the world through the exchange system. The other is the purchase of cars. Car companies such as general motors, Daimler and Toyota provide 24-hour car rental services to a large number of paying customers, and change the latest models every twoorthree years. Owning cars was once considered as a rite of passage into the adult world composed of property relations, but its status was gradually replaced by leases. From a deeper point of view, this transformation from sales to supply and use, and from ownership to the acquisition of services at a specific time in the network, is changing our standard of measuring economic success

in the preface of the Chinese version, the future forecaster who has visited China wrote: the problem that Chinese people need to care about is what position China will be in after 20 years, that is, to turn on the oil pump. Is it trapped in the second industrial revolution, which is declining, to continue to rely on fossil energy and technology, or to actively participate in the third industrial revolution and vigorously develop renewable energy technology

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